Hypertension Specialist

Brooklyn Health Medical Alliance Primary Care

General Internal Medicine located in Downtown Brooklyn, Brooklyn, NY

About one in two Americans suffers from high blood pressure, or hypertension. Though common, hypertension rarely presents obvious symptoms, so you might be at risk and not realize it. At Brooklyn Health Medical Alliance Primary Care in the Downtown Brooklyn area of Brooklyn in New York City, Ahmar Butt, MD, Lalasa Valasareddi, MD, and the team diagnose and treat hypertension to keep your blood pressure at healthy levels. To schedule an appointment, book online or call the office to speak with a caring staff member today.

Hypertension Q&A

What is hypertension?

Hypertension occurs when the force of your blood against the walls of your arteries is too high for an extended period. When left untreated, hypertension increases your risk of serious health problems, including a heart attack or stroke.

Almost everyone develops hypertension at some point. Fortunately, it’s easy to detect and treat. In fact, healthy lifestyle changes are often enough to significantly lower your risk of complications.

What are the symptoms of hypertension?

Hypertension rarely presents symptoms. Some people experience shortness of breath, headaches, and nose bleeds, but these issues typically don’t occur until your blood pressure reaches a life-threatening stage. 

That’s why regular checkups are so important. Monitoring your blood pressure at least once a year can alert you to potentially serious problems early on.

What are the types of hypertension?

Hypertension falls into two categories:

Primary hypertension

Primary hypertension occurs for no apparent reason. It develops slowly and typically affects people who are middle-aged or older.

Secondary hypertension

Secondary hypertension occurs due to an underlying medical condition. It occurs suddenly and presents more severe symptoms than primary hypertension. 

Some of the most common causes of secondary hypertension are kidney disease, thyroid problems, and obstructive sleep apnea.

How is hypertension diagnosed?

The team at Brooklyn Health Medical Alliance diagnoses high blood pressure by conducting a physical exam, reviewing your medical history, and asking about your lifestyle, including how often you exercise, if you smoke or drink alcohol, and if your diet is high in sodium.

They then measure your blood pressure with an arm cuff and pressure-measuring gauge. A blood pressure reading features two separate numbers: systolic and diastolic pressure. Systolic pressure is a measurement of the pressure in your arteries when your heart beats. Diastolic pressure is a measure of the pressure in your arteries between beats.

Any blood pressure reading at or under 120/80 mm Hg is considered healthy. Any number over that signifies elevated blood pressure.

How is hypertension treated?

Treatment of hypertension depends on your individual reading and health history. Typically, the team at Brooklyn Health Medical Alliance recommends healthy lifestyle changes like eating a balanced diet, exercising regularly, and maintaining a healthy weight.

If these measures don’t lower your numbers, prescription medication may be necessary. There are several types of medicine used to treat hypertension, including thiazide diuretics, ACE inhibitors, and calcium channel blockers. 

The team can make recommendations that align with your health history and needs.

To receive all-inclusive care for hypertension, schedule an appointment at Brooklyn Health Medical Alliance. Book a consultation online or call the office to speak with a caring staff member today.