Diabetes Specialist

Brooklyn Health Medical Alliance Primary Care

General Internal Medicine located in Downtown Brooklyn, Brooklyn, NY

More than 34 million Americans live with diabetes, a chronic disease characterized by high blood sugar. When left untreated, diabetes increases your risk of serious health problems, including heart disease, nerve damage, and even amputation. At Brooklyn Health Medical Alliance Primary Care in the Downtown Brooklyn neighborhood of Brooklyn in New York City, Ahmar Butt, MD, Lalasa Valasareddi, MD, and the team provide comprehensive care for all types of diabetes. To schedule an appointment, book online or call the office to speak with a caring staff member today.

Diabetes Q&A

What is diabetes?

Diabetes refers to a group of chronic illnesses defined by high blood glucose (sugar). Everyone needs some blood glucose to survive. It fuels your brain and gives energy to the cells in your tissues and muscles.

If your blood sugar levels are too high, it puts you at risk for serious complications. Fortunately, with early diagnosis and regular monitoring, you can manage diabetes.

What are the types of diabetes?

At Brooklyn Health Medical Alliance, the team treats all types of diabetes, including:


Prediabetes is a precursor to diabetes. It means your blood sugar levels are consistently high, but not high enough to result in long-term health problems. 

Healthy lifestyle changes like regular exercise, eating a balanced diet, and losing weight can reverse prediabetes. 

Type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease that causes your body to attack the insulin-producing cells in your pancreas. Insulin is a hormone that plays an important role in regulating blood sugar. 

Type 1 diabetes affects people of all ages and usually runs in families.

Type 2 diabetes

Type 2 diabetes occurs when the cells in your pancreas become insulin resistant. This means your pancreas produces insulin, but not enough to keep your blood sugar in check. 

Type 2 diabetes usually occurs due to poor lifestyle choices like drinking alcohol, eating unhealthy foods, and living a primarily sedentary lifestyle.

Gestational diabetes

Gestational diabetes occurs during pregnancy. As your baby grows, your body releases additional hormones to support health and vitality. Experts aren’t sure why, but these hormones make you more resistant to insulin. 

Gestational diabetes usually resolves once you give birth.

How is diabetes diagnosed?

The team at Brooklyn Health Medical Alliance diagnoses diabetes by reviewing your medical history, asking about your lifestyle and symptoms, and conducting a physical exam. They also order a glycated hemoglobin (A1C) test.

An A1C test is a blood panel that measures your average blood sugar for two or three months. Any reading of 6.5% or higher indicates you have diabetes. A reading of 5.7% or lower is considered normal.

If the results of your A1C test aren’t consistent, the team might order several other tests, including a random blood sugar test, a fasting blood sugar test, or an oral glucose tolerance test.

Retinal Screening

The team also offers retinal screening cameras to help address and identify retinal issues associated with diabetes. The team might also recommend a lab test, which is offered on-site at the Green Avenue location to help provide a convenient solution. 

How is diabetes treated?

Treatment for diabetes depends on the type you have and the intensity of your symptoms. If you have prediabetes or Type 2 diabetes, the team might recommend healthy lifestyle changes like exercising regularly, eating a balanced diet, or maintaining your ideal weight.

If you have Type 1 diabetes, the team prescribes insulin therapy. With insulin therapy, you administer injections of insulin several times throughout the day. This keeps your blood sugar at healthy levels and lowers your risk of serious complications.

To learn more about treatment for diabetes, schedule an appointment at Brooklyn Health  Medical Alliance. Book a consultation online or call the office to speak with a caring staff member today.